Denmark transitions to absolute monarchy under interesting circumstances and then tries to win back land from Sweden.
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Perfect illustration of Frederick III as an absolute monarch.
Painting of Frederick III leaving the stage in front of the Stock Exchange, where he was hailed as absolute monarch.
Quick overview of the Battle of Køge Bay (1677).
“Nec temere, nec timide” – motto of Admiral Niels Juel, supposedley said just before the Battle of Køge Bay. It means “neither reckless nor timid”, and is today the motto of the Royal Danish Naval Academy.
Frederick III outmaneuvers his rivals but is then faced with a crisis that threatens to destroy the independence of Denmark.
Karl X Gustaf (Charles Gustav) leads his troops in the March Across the Belts.
Rough map of the route of the Swedish army.
Painting depicting students defending Copenhagen.
Christian IV charges headlong into the Thirty Years War and then faces a rising Sweden.
The painting described in the episode.
We look at the first half of the reign of one of the most famous of the Danish monarchs.
The young Christian being handed the keys to the royal regalia by his dying chancellor (19th century painting).
The coronation of Christian IV (19th century painting).
The Crown of Christian IV.
The Stock Exchange.
The fortified merchant city of Christianshavn (outlined in red).
Rosenborg Castle in the King’s Garden.
The Round Tower seen from the air.
The throne of Denmark-Norway.
Trankebar – the first Danish trading post in India.
We reach the transitory period between the Middle Ages and the Renaissance. King Hans fights pole-vaulting German peasants and his son, Christian II, becomes known as “Tyrant Christian”.
Christian II (“Tyrant Christian”)
“Schlact am Hemmingstedt” (1910) – Painting by Max Friedrich Koch. Depicts the battle where King Hans is defeated by the peasants of Dithmarschen in an ambush.
Depiction of the Stockholm Bloodbath – commissioned by King Gustav Vasa of Sweden.
The Kalmar Union shatters and reunites several times and a new dynasty gains control of Denmark!
Christopher III (Christopher of Bavaria) in highly fashionable late-Medieval clothes.
The coat of arms of Denmark – it stems from the House of Estrid, which ruled 1047-1412 (Sweyn Estridsson – Margaret I)
Statue of St. George and the Dragon in the Great Church in Stockholm – it is symbolic of the Battle of Brunkebjerg.
Renaissance fresco by Italian painter Mantegna – it depicts the Gonzaga family + the Holy Roman Emperor and King Christian I
Close-up of the fresco – Christian is the one in the middle.
The last Eric to rule Denmark feuds with Holstein and the Hanseatic League.
Sarcophagus of Margaret I
Statue of Margaret I
Kronborg Castle – built on top of Krogen (: The Hook) originally constructed by Eric of Pomerania
Kronborg Castle – aerial view
Holger Danske/Ogier the Dane
Renaissance depiction of Ogier the Dane
We say goodbye to Valdemar Atterdag and see control of Denmark pass to his daughter Margaret.
Fresco of Valdemar Atterdag and his wife
Medieval pirate ship
Flag of the Kalmar Union
Territory of the Kalmar Union
Coronation of Eric of Pomerania as King of the Kalmar Union
Margaret I – Queen of Denmark
The power of the Danish Crown reaches new lows after 1320, but is restored two decades later by Valdemar IV ‘Atterdag’.
Valdemar Atterdag holds Visby for ransom
Extent of the Hanseatic League in 1400
We look at the geography of Denmark and other fun things!
Map of Denmark with labels
Typical Danish landscape
Cliff of Møn
Landscape from the Faroe Islands
Grindedráp on the Faroe Islands
Several Erics and Valdemars, all descendants of Valdemar the Victorious, fight for control of Denmark!
We look at the 39-year reign of Valdemar II ‘The Victorious’!
Check out the link below to listen to the Girls’ Choir of the Danish Broadcasting Corporation sing in 2016!
1st song: Vær Velkommen (“Be Welcome” – hymn dedicated to New Year’s Eve)
2nd song: Kong Christian stod ved Højen Mast (“King Christian stood by the lofty mast” – anthem of the Royal Family)
3rd song: Der er et yndigt land (“There is a Lovely Country” – national anthem of Denmark)
The Dannebrog falling from heaven at the Battle of Tallin, 1219 (painting by Christian August Lorentzen)
We follow Valdemar the Great and other notable figures throughout his reign!
Statue of a mounted bishop Absalon
Church of Our Lady in Copenhagen
Statue of Valdemar the Great
Painting of Absalon and Valdemar toppling the god Svantevit at Arkona
Church of Our Lady in Kalundborg
We follow Sweyn Estridson, his sons and the kings who reigned through the decades of civil war which followed.
Sweyn Estridson, King of Denmark 1047-1074/76
The 8 different dioceses of Denmark establishes by Sweyn Estridson
Memorial plaque for Eric Evergood, who died in Paphos, Cyprus
Welcome to my website! Here, I will publish my podcast, The History of Denmark. I hope you will join me on the journey from Gorm the Old to Margaret II.